• Lun. Mar 27th, 2023

How to Implement Continuous Cybersecurity Monitoring


May 6, 2021

The program should define how each control in the SCTM will be monitored and the frequency of the monitoring. This frequency should be based on the security control’s volatility, or the amount of time the control can be assumed to be in place and working as planned between reviews. A security impact analysis can help organizations to determine the monitoring strategy and frequency between the control’s review. Additionally, organizational historical documentation, including documentation of past security breaches or security incidents, can assist in developing the frequency that each control will be monitored. Continuous monitoring is a risk management strategy that shifts from periodically checking the risk management profiles of third parties you work with to proactively monitoring for relevant changes on an ongoing basis. Continuous monitoring involves using technology to scour all available data about an organization’s security and compliance status, in order to detect and flag new vulnerabilities and security events as soon as possible.

steps to implement continuous monitoring

Our sister community, Reworked gathers the world’s leading employee experience and digital workplace professionals. Continuous monitoring is a valuable strategy, but it’s not a comprehensive one. A good continuous monitoring tool can improve how secure your organization is and cut down on the amount of time your TPRM team spends on checking for vulnerabilities, but it doesn’t do the whole job of TPRM.

Benefits of continuous monitoring

For nearly two decades CMSWire, produced by Simpler Media Group, has been the world’s leading community of customer experience professionals. For CM to be useful, it requires a company-wide effort so everybody involved in the process knows where the company was, where it is now, and what the future holds. It also needs to consider the significant global trends, as well as the organization’s culture and the way companies manage risks. Continuous monitoring can be traced back to traditional business auditing practices. •Customize security-specific assessment procedures to closely match the operating environment . A public web server may have a higher risk level than a file server on the domain located securely within the enclave; the chances are lower of it being attacked, and there would be less impact if it were taken offline.

steps to implement continuous monitoring

Continuous monitoring helps ensure that monitoring yields actionable insights instead of just revealing information that you can no longer use because it’s outdated or incomplete. Continuous monitoring is the ongoing detection of risks and problems within IT environments. Internal control objectives in a business context are categorised against five assertions used in the COSO model16 —existence/occurrence/validity, completeness, rights and obligations, valuation, and presentation and disclosure. These assertions have been expanded in the SAS 106, “Audit Evidence,”17 and, for the purposes of a technology context, can be restated in generic terms, as shown in figure 3. Create processes for managing the generated alarms, including communicating and investigating any failed assertions and ultimately correcting the control weakness. On the road to ensuring enterprise success, your best first steps are to explore our solutions and schedule a conversation with an ISACA Enterprise Solutions specialist.

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Create code templates that have been cleared by security so that developers face minimal security interference. Use a solution that is based on this framework and you’ll have a system that routinely adapts to reflect security best practices at all times. As companies go increasingly digital, cybersecurity has become an important business function. Organizations these days need to weave cybersecurity into every aspect of their business instead of treating it as an add-on function. Threats are ever-evolving, and static cybersecurity stances are no longer viable. Giving customer agencies a way to restrict network requests from agency staff to a specific set of IP origins, to support their TIC compliance.

Mining historical system logs allows you to create performance, security, and user behavior benchmarks. Once you know how things should work, you’ll be better positioned to recognize anomalies from current log events. Infrastructure monitoring is the next layer and covers the compute, storage, network, and other physical devices found in traditional data centers or their virtual equivalents within cloud platforms. Monitoring this domain allows IT teams to troubleshoot performance issues, optimize usage, reduce cost, and forecast capacity needs. Many organizations allow their vendors access to their networks, and this could open your network to flaws that originate outside your control.

steps to implement continuous monitoring

Atatus – It provides comprehensive transaction diagnostics, performance control, root-cause diagnosis, server performance, and transaction tracing all in one location. Choosing the tools that your complete team will use, whether you go with a purchased or custom-built solution, will require some investigation as you match your demands to the alternatives available. Remember that while you can customize solutions to meet your individual needs, developing and maintaining them will take significant financial resources and a devoted team. If you’re considering an out-of-the-box solution, think about how customizable it can be to accommodate your DevOps environment’s growth and changing needs. Different events and metrics from the same application stack touchpoints should be correlatable.

This allows for quick response to security risks or functional stop-gaps, limiting harm and allowing for speedier system restoration to optimal levels of functioning. Continuous Monitoring can also be defined as the use of analytics and feedback data to ensure that an application’s functioning, configuration, and design are accurate. In addition, continuous monitoring leverages analytics and feedback data to ensure proper transaction processing and identify an application’s underlying infrastructure. The continuous monitoring solution will need to work with the application stacks identified in the initial fact-finding phase. The stacks will include all the software components, infrastructure, and network elements. This level of intelligence can also be used for user behavior analysis and real-time user experience monitoring.

Quarterly Security Policy and Account Review

When first starting CM, many focus on the default, usually low-level metrics, such as CPU usage. However, these metrics aren’t good at predicting when a problem is about to arise. •Adjust assessment procedures to accommodate external service providers based on contracts or service-level agreements. Bill Hargenrader, CISM, CEH, CISSP, is a senior lead technologist at Booz Allen Hamilton, where he is developing a next-generation cybersecurity workflow management software solution.

steps to implement continuous monitoring

Even smaller firms only with one compliance specialist on board may use CCM to advance their compliance operations as the GRC technology industry has developed to the level where extremely intuitive solutions are available. Schedule a demo to see how a platform like iRM can assist you to launch Continuous Controls Monitoring. Nonetheless, control testing is increasingly becoming challenging to operate as organizations are implementing and scaling up more additional controls to keep up with the latest rules and regulations. In spite of organizations’ best intentions, compliance experts frequently encounter tight restrictions keeping ongoing control testing inaccessible. Internal auditors and compliance teams frequently examine just the controls that will be reviewed in the upcoming external audits.

Finding the right tools for a continuous monitoring program

Ongoing assessment – Collecting data from throughout the IT infrastructure is not the ultimate goal of continuous monitoring. Many IT organizations today are leveraging big data analytics technologies, including artificial intelligence and machine learning, to analyze large volumes of log data and detect trends, patterns or outliers that indicate abnormal network activity. The key requirement in choosing the tools for your CCM is that they should monitor your system configuration and network configuration, and conduct regular vulnerability scans. ICCM by Intone is a state-of-the-art tool that can help secure your system and protect it against the latest threats. ICCM is a microservices audit platform with real-time reporting and uninterrupted underlying systems that integrates the GRC functional requirements of many different teams into a single compliance solution. Log aggregation is a function of CM software solutions that aggregates log files from applications deployed on the network, including security applications in place to protect information assets.

  • Without a risk map in place, you’ll likely stretch your resources thin as you respond uniformly to all threats at once.
  • However, not all businesses implement continuous monitoring or know how to implement it.
  • What steps will you take when a vulnerability is revealed to reduce your risk?
  • A continuous security validation platform must scan your network for threats and vulnerabilities at all times.
  • At any time, businesses all around the world expect complete transparency in their operations.
  • AppDynamics – This software continuously monitors and collects historical data from your application, allowing it to create a performance baseline.

Integrated issue management using a GRC platform facilitates33 digitisation, automation of alerts and management of remediation activities, once agreed upon by management. Identify potential processes or controls according to industry frameworks such as COSO, COBIT 5 and ITIL; define the scope of control assurance based on business and IT risk assessments; and establish priority controls for continuous monitoring. Add to the know-how and skills base of your team, the confidence of stakeholders and performance of your organization and its products with ISACA Enterprise Solutions. ISACA® offers training solutions customizable for every area of information systems and cybersecurity, every experience level and every style of learning. Our certifications and certificates affirm enterprise team members’ expertise and build stakeholder confidence in your organization.

To decide which processes should be monitored, conduct a security risk analysis to assess and prioritize your threats. The systems, applications, and processes you choose to track should give you enough information to improve your entire environment. Continuous monitoring can use logs, metrics, traces, and events as its data sources for each domain. In this article, we will specifically focus on continuous monitoring through logs. However, not all businesses implement continuous monitoring or know how to implement it.


Continuous monitoring is a technology and process that IT organizations implement to enable rapid detection of compliance issues and security risks within the IT infrastructure. When the controls are continually monitored, assessed and addressed, the organization has taken a big step toward reducing its security risk potential. During the present volatile circumstances, it is becoming essential for organizations to have the robust capability of risk management for maintaining vigorous performance and customers’ faith. In 2021, about 65% of firms claimed that a third-party security breach had a detrimental effect on them. Continuous control monitoring is possible only when control testing can be fully automated.

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For 50 years and counting, ISACA® has been helping information systems governance, control, risk, security, audit/assurance and business and cybersecurity professionals, and enterprises succeed. Our community of professionals is committed to lifetime learning, career progression and sharing expertise for the benefit of individuals and organizations around the globe. It was a tough task to find the right tools for a CM program in the past, but things have improved these days, suggests Voodoo Security Founder and Principal Consultant Dave Shackleford. More and more vendors are now developing the tools to support the continuous monitoring strategy.

To better clarify your organization’s security requirements and select the right product to realize them, you need a way to make sure you’re on the same page with everyone you communicate with. continuous monitoring development background The Shared Assessments Continuous Monitoring Cybersecurity Taxonomy can be a good tool for this. Use it to create a standard in how you talk to third parties about your needs and requirements.

Retrace – It’s designed to provide you with visibility, data, and actionable insights about the performance and challenges of your application. New Relic – Its dashboard will include all of the necessary data, such as response times, throughput metrics, and error rates, as well as figures and time-sampled graphs. Monitors and tracks network activities, including firewalls, routers, switches, servers, virtual machines, and other devices. Network monitoring detects potential and current issues and notifies the appropriate personnel.

This O&M must include the cost of security control monitoring in order to provide a full picture of the system’s overall cost to the organization. In some cases, the cost alone of correctly implementing a continuous monitoring program can make a system too costly to justify continued development. Sumo Logic’s cloud-native platform is an ideal continuous monitoring solution for IT organizations that wish to enhance the security and operational performance of their cloud-based IT infrastructure and applications. Features like automated log aggregation, data analytics, and configurable alerts help IT SecOps teams automate key security monitoring processes, respond more quickly to security incidents and mitigate the risk of a costly data breach. ISCM has a major positive impact on improving risk management and compliance across many industries and bodies, including the US federal government, the DoD, and commercial and financial organizations. The technology available today goes a long way toward improving security, though temperance should be used when conveying what problems this solves as there are some glaring holes in what is currently available.